Kozhikode also known as Calicut, is a city in the state of Kerala in southern India on the Malabar Coast. Kozhikode is the third largest city in Kerala. The name Kozhikode means fortified place and was the center of the spice trade from the ancient times.
Kozhikode is situated in northern part of Kerala and has the Arabian Sea to the west and the small lush hills to the east. The city has 15 km of pristine beaches that are a major tourism attraction. The city has a well-developed transport infrastructure and is well connected to the rest of Kerala and India via land, road and rail. Kozhikode international airport is the 7th busiest international airport in India and primarily connects the city to the various Gulf States.
Kozhikode is a town with a long recorded history. The city has always attracted travellers with from around the world because of bountiful spices found in the surrounding region.. It has traded in spices like black pepper and cardamom with Jews, Arabs, Phoenicians, and Chinese for more than 500 years. As Kozhikode offered full freedom and security, the Arab and the Chinese merchants preferred it to all other ports. The globe-trotter Ibn Battutavisited Kozhikode A.D. 134247. The city's first recorded contact with Europe was when Vasco da Gama landed at Kappad (18 km north) in May 1498, as the leaders of a trade mission from Portugal.